The question of whether there is something immoral about not working for a living is complex addressing partially as it does issues of the soul. However, a basic income for all adults has been shown to save money as well as improve lives, so must feature in discussions of sound economic policy.
Even those liberals and progressives who don’t accept trickle-down economics can’t argue with the reduction in poverty creating a smarter populace.
And, in addition to Bregman’s submission that basic-income programs don’t lead to an increase in healthcare spending, welfare spending, or unemployment, a recent study of the Canadian Mincome data suggests that basic income might reduce the number of households with children where mothers work – or work full time. More children growing up with a parent present. Fewer school resources spent on providing out-of-hours child-minding. It’s not a cure for the world, but it does build stronger families and let teachers teach, so basic income would seem to be a solid step toward the future conservatives want. (Derek Hum and Wayne Simpson, 2017, “Income maintenance, work effort, and the Canadian Mincome experiment”, doi:10.5203/FK2/JWVHEJ, University of Manitoba Dataverse, V1.)
So, why haven’t nations studied it further? How immoral is it to follow policies that promote less able citizens?